Bharatpur – Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan
By admin - Tue Jul 26, 6:02 pm
Bharatpur was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD. The trio of Bharatpur, Deeg and Dholpur has played an important part in the history of Rajasthan. The place was named as Bharatpur after the name of Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama, whose other brother Laxman was worshipped as the family deity of the Bharatpur. The legends say the rulers Laxman’s name is engraved on the state arms and the seals.
Keolodeo Ghana National Park is an important international bio-sphere known for its large and varied avifauna, both local and migratory. By building small dykes and dams and diverting water from an irrigation canal, he converted this low lying area into a fine wild fowl shooting preserve. The Park is a delight for bird watchers.
Over 300 species of birds are found in this small park of 28.73sq. kms of which 11 sq. kms. are marshes and the rest, scrubland and grassland. A quiet ride by boat in the early hours of the morning is also an unforgettable experience. Every year Bharatpur waits with bated breath for the arrival of the Siberian cranes. You can see the Indian sarus.
There are only two wintering places for this rare species one in Iran and the other Bharatpur and these beautiful birds with their distinctive red beaks and facial patches, fly over 6400 km from their summer retreats in Siberia, to get to them. These crane arrive in December and stay till early March. It is also an excellent place to watch mammals like Golden Jackal, Striped Hyena, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Nilgai, Sambar, Blackbuck and wild Boar. The park derives its name from the temple of Keoladeo (Shiva) and ‘ghana’ which locally means dense, implying the nature of the vegetation. During the cool winter months it is also possible to see large Indian Pythons sunning themselves.
Government Museum: Bharatpur which gives a glimpse of past splendour. Not far from the museum is the Bharatpur Palace which is an excellent blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture.
Lohagarh Fort: It is remained invincible despite several attacks by the British.
Deeg Palace: This strong and massive fort was the summer resort of the rulers of Bharatpur and has many palaces and gardens. It is just 32 km from Bharatpur.
The park is open throughout the year.
August-October for resident birds
October-February for migrants
Facts about Bharatpur
Location: Situated in Northeast of Rajasthan.
Distance: New Delhi (184 km), Jaipur (176 km), Mathura 39 km), Alwar (117 km)
STD Code: 05644
Population: 1.6 millions
Area: 22 sq km.
Language: Hindi, English & Bharatpuri
Altitude: 250 metres
Clothing: Summer light tropical (cotton) for summer & Light woolen for winter.
Nearest Airport : Agra
Tourist Reception Centre :RTDC Hotel Saras, Agra Road, Agra
Tel No. :
Important Tel Nos.
Dy. Chief Wildlife Warden
SBBJ, B. Narayan Gate
General Post Office